Paklenica is one of the eight national parks in Croatia. It is located near Starigrad in northern Dalmatia, at the southern slopes of Velebit mountain. The name Paklenica probably derives from black pine sap called “paklina”, which the locals used in traditional medicine, for wound treatment, light, and for coating of wooden boats. It was proclaimed a protected area back in 1949 and as a national park in 1997. The most attractive parts are two canyons, Small and Big Paklenica.
Paklenica National Park is almost entirely explored in terms of speleology and it has 76 speleological locations (pits and caves). It is also the most visited climbing site in Croatia and the largest one in Southern Europe. Hiking and climbing are really the only two ways to get to know the impressive and unspoiled nature of Paklenica. The Park area contains 200 km of paths and trails, from those intended for tourists to those intended for mountaineers, leading to the highest peaks of Velebit – Vaganski vrh (1752). The trails in the Park are marked with boards and mountaineering signs. The Wider area of Paklenica National Park has a rich and diverse cultural heritage and it merits to be explored.